MBA英語:如何有效閱讀文章 快速答題

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  原標題:MBA英語:如何有效閱讀文章,快速答題

  所有備考學生都知道,在考研英語中「得閱讀者得天下」,但是很多時候,閱讀文章不理解,就一定做不對么?下面就教大家如何把握閱讀中的主題詞,讓大家有效理解文章、快速解題。

  在基礎階段,考研英語閱讀起到重要的橋樑作用。在做閱讀理解的過程中,許多考生在讀文章時,只關注單個單詞的含義,而沒有利用單詞之間的語義關聯來確定文章的中心或主題的意識,從而導致閱讀速度慢且效率不高,進而影響到做題的準確率。考研閱讀文章的一個顯著特點就是中心單一、突出,即整個文章的說明或論述緊緊圍繞一個主題展開。可以說文章的主題就是燈塔,所以考生在一開始就應該抓住,圍繞主題再去讀文章,事半功倍。

  那麼,什麼是文章的主題呢?考研文章的主題往往由兩到三個關鍵片語成,這些關鍵詞也可稱為主題詞。因此,在讀文章的過程中,考生們一定要有尋找主題詞的意識。一首樂曲,我們辨識它的高潮會通過它旋律的復現來捕捉,哪個旋律重複的次數最多,哪個就是最強音符。主題詞也是如此,它在文章或段落中的復現率會很高。大部分考生可能會以為復現高就是顯性復現,即原詞復現。其實,為了避免重複,主題詞常常會以隱性復現的方式出現,如近義復現、反義復現、同根復現、指代復現、上下義復現等。

  以上談及的是主題詞的特點,概括來說有兩點:一是出現頻率高;二是詞義復現。抓住了主題詞,在選擇答案時盡量選擇含有主題詞的選項,正確的幾率就會高。但是,並不是所有出現頻次高的詞都能當作主題詞,主題詞通常是語篇中的名詞、動詞、形容詞。

  名詞表主題

  When it comes to the slowing economy,Ellen Spero isn『t biting her nails just yet. But the 47 year old manicurist isn』t cutting,filing or polishing as many nails as she『d like to,either. Most of her clients spend $12 to $50 weekly, but last month two longtime customers suddenly stopped showing up. Spero blames the softening economy.「I』m a good economic indicator」,she says.「I provide a service that people can do without when they『re concerned about saving some dollars.」So Spero is downscaling,shopping at middle-brow Dillard』s department store near her suburban Cleveland home,instead of Neiman Marcus.「I don『t knowif other clients are going to abandon me,too,」she says.

  文中劃線名詞短語為考生提供了復現信息,即使沒完全讀懂,考生也能確定本段的主題是「疲軟的經濟狀況」,每句話都沒離開這個主題。

  動詞表變化

  All of this caused a crisis of confidence. Americans stopped taking prosperity for granted. They began to believe that their way of doing business was failing, and that their incomes would therefore shortly begin to fall as well. The mid 1980s brought one inquiry after another into the causes of America『s industrial decline. Their sometimes sensational findings were filled with warnings about the growing competition from overseas.

  動詞是各種變化最明顯的體現,它可以表明文中所述情況、作者態度以及情感的變化等。本段中出現的劃線動詞都體現了一個從好到壞的變化趨勢,再結合文章話題,可以確定本段中心是:美國經濟霸主地位的喪失給人們的信心帶來的消極影響。

  形容詞表態度

  Even before Alan Greenspan『s admission that America』s red hot economy is cooling, lots of working folks had already seen signs of the slowdown themselves. From car dealerships to Gap outlets, sales have been lagging for months as shoppers temper their spending. For retailers,who last year took in 24 percent of their revenue between Thanksgiving and Christmas, the cautious approach is coming at a crucial time. Already, experts say,holiday sales are off 7 percent from last year『s pace. But don』t sound any alarms just yet. Consumers seem only mildly concerned,not panicked,and many say they remain optimistic about the economy『s long term prospects even as they do some modest belt tightening.

  形容詞是作者對所論述話題的態度的直接體現。以此段為例,前半部分都是關於美國經濟不景氣的描述,如果只看到這些,一定會認為下文也應該是一些消極方面的描述。但在But轉折之後,出現了一系列的形容詞,這是詞都具有積極的感情色彩,與前面的情況形成鮮明的對比,表明了作者的態度,也是本段段落中心的體現。

  雖然,在考研閱讀思路中還有許多其他方式可以確定文章或段落的主題,但是當文章話題比較陌生,語言比較晦澀難懂的時候,通過找主題詞來確定文章主題無疑會是一種簡單有效的途徑。所以,希望考生們讀文章過程中樹立找主題詞的意識,幫助自己有效理解文章、快速解題。

  本文轉載自《海南MBA考試》的新浪博客,點擊閱讀原文。

  小編注:本文為轉載新浪博客文章,觀點只代表作者本人,不能代表新浪立場,新浪尊重原創。

  國際學校擇校巡展商務合作請聯繫尹老師:010-58983664

  責任編輯:實習生陳宸

 

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